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Website accessibility

Image: Emerald accessibility informationIt is Emerald's policy to make reasonable adjustments in order to make all Web-based information, services and learning resources on Emerald websites accessible to all users regardless of disability.

For HTML web pages, Emerald follows W3C guidelines. W3C is the governing authority on Web development standards and practices.The W3C defines three accessibility levels in its Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) issue 1.0. In increasing levels of accessibility, these are: A, AA, and AAA. Emerald aims to make all public Web pages meet level AA, and will aspire to meet level AAA where possible within resource constraints.

The accessibility guidelines explain how to make web content accessible to people with disabilities. Conformance to these guidelines helps to make the web more accessible to users with disabilities, but also benefits all users. Please be aware that due to the large number of pages contained in this website, there may be some isolated instances where pages do not conform to all the guidelines.

Emerald will identify automatic testing tools to support testing for accessibility. We will use such tools to make automatic checks on our web pages to identify features that will prevent AA compliance. We will make a manual inspection of each new or edited web resource to ensure it meets our stated targets. This inspection will take place before we publish the resource. We will actively seek opportunities to engage disabled users in the testing of Emerald's web resources.

Using the Emerald website

If you have any questions or suggestions regarding the accessibility of this site, please contact us, as we are continually striving to improve the experience for all visitors.

Keyboard navigation

The TAB key can be used to navigate through links within the site menu and the main text of each page. Once a link has been highlighted, use the ENTER key to activate the link.

Logical tab order and page layout

We've built pages so that it's easier to tab through the links – the content area is reached immediately after the header, making it easier to move around within a site.

Access keys (if supported by your browser)

Home: ALT + 1
Search: ALT + 2

Alternative displays

In order to maximize accessibility, we have provided a number of alternative display options, namely:

  • Default view – this is the colour/text combination that you are probably viewing at the moment.
  • Text view – a simplified high contrast text view.

Changing the font size

Image: Changing the font size in Internet Exlorer.Most browsers will allow you to change the font size. Right is a screenshot of Internet Explorer's "text size" menu option – most browsers have a similar feature – usually somewhere in the "view" menu. Please see the "help" section in your browser for more details on customization.

Skip to main content link

We've positioned skip to main content link in the text view at the top of the page so that you can quickly navigate to the most important sections of the page.

Alternative content

For visitors using screenreader or speech browser software, we've provided sensible alternative text for images where this alternative text will aid your understanding of the web page.


Our pages use structured headers to aid legibility. The first header on the page is the main content header followed by any appropriate sub-headers.

This aids users of certain screenreaders and speech browsers – for instance: JAWS users can type INSERT+F6 to hear all the headers on the page, or CTRL+INSERT+ENTER to quickly navigate through the page by skipping to the next header.


We are no longer using tables, except for the display of tabular data. For users of screenreaders and speech browsers, we associate headers with their respective rows and columns to aid legibility.


Forms now have their labels explicitly associated with their controls, aiding users of certain screenreaders and speech browsers.

Older browsers

CSS, which we use for layout and design, is not fully supported by older web browsers, resulting in unpredictable display. To deal with this problem we have hidden the CSS from these older browsers that do not conform to the standards. However, even if you use one of these browsers, you will still be able to access all of our content presented with a text view layout.

Recommeded browsers can be downloaded from the sites below:

Alternative book content

Emerald Publishing is committed to ensuring that our content reaches as wide an audience as possible. Wherever possible we will endeavour to provide electronic copies of content to those unable to read traditional print books because of visual impairment, physical disability or severe learning disability. For further assistance in this regard, please contact